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                法國商標改法:官費上調?

                首頁    新聞資訊    行業資訊    法國商標改法:官費上調?

                 

                The new measures of trademark in France come into effect as date of 11, December 2019, except for the cancellation procedure that will begin on April 1, 2020.

                法國首批商標改革措施於2019年12月11日起生效。新的商標撤銷程序▅則將於2020年4月1日生效。

                 

                The biggest change of the new measures is fee increase.in trademark.

                本次商標改革最大的變化是商標費用上漲。

                 

                Here is the comparison between the current officials fees for trademark application, renewal and the new official fees as of date 11, December 2019.

                以下是目前法國商標申請,續展的規費,與之前(2019年12月11日前)規費的對比:

                 

                 

                2019-12-11前

                2019-12-11起

                商標申請(首類)

                €210

                €190

                商標申請(二類)

                €230

                商標申請(三類)

                €270

                商標申請(增類)

                €42

                €40

                商標續展(首類)

                €250

                 €290

                商標續展(二類)

                €330

                商標續展(三類)

                €370

                商標續展(增類)

                €42

                €40

                 

                According to the table, the application and renewal fee is quite different from before. In the past, the application fee €210 is for 3 classes which means no matter an applicant apply for 1 class or 3 classes, the official fee is still €210. But the new fee doesn’t inclde 3 classes any more. It divides into the first class €190 and €40 for each additional class. Renewal is the same, renewal fee also doesn’t include 3 classes but divides into first class and each additional class.

                申請和續展費用與之前截然不同。 過去,€210的申請ζ 費可包含3個類別,也就是說無論申請人申請1個或3個類別,規費皆為€210。但是新費不再包含3個類別,新費首類為€190,增類為€40。續展也同樣如此,如今續展費用也不再包含三個類別,而是分為首類,次類。

                 

                Knowledge Extension.France

                知識延伸.法國

                 

                1.What can be registered as a trademark?

                什麽可以註冊為商標?

                a.  A sign capable of being graphically represented and distinguishing the goods or services of an undertaking from those of another;

                 

                能夠以圖形方式表示,並區分某企業與其他企業的商品或服務的標誌;

                b. Denomination in all forms, such as words, combinations of words, surnames and geographical names, pseudonyms, letters, numerals and abbreviations;

                商標可以是各種形式,如文字、文字組合、姓氏和地名、化名、字母,數字和縮寫;

                c. Audible signs, such as sounds and musical phrases;

                音符,如聲音和樂句;

                d. Figurative signs, such as labels, logos, shapes and combinations or colour.

                具有象征意義的標誌,例如標簽、標誌,形狀及其組合,或顏色。

                 

                2. What information is needed to register a trademark?

                註冊商標需要什麽材料

                a. The name and address of the applicants;

                申請人名址;

                b. An image of the mark being claimed as a trademark and a description thereof;

                指定商標的圖樣及其描述;

                c. A list of goods and/or services under Nice Classification;

                選定的尼斯商品/服務;

                d. A document confirming payment of the official filing fee.

                確認支付官方申請費的文件。

                 

                3. What is the general procedure for trademark registration?

                商標註冊的一般性程序

                The applicant must file an online registration form. The French Office shall review the application and check if the mark complies with the formal requirements and absolute grounds for refusal, the application shall be published within six weeks following the filing. In case of non-compliance, the French Office will notify the applicant the objections raised and give a certain period of time to amend the application filed or reply to the French Office’s observations.

                申請人必須提交在線註冊表格,商標局將對商標進行形式審查和絕對理由審查,申請應在申請後6周內公告。如果審查不合格,商標局將通知申請人,並給予其特定的時間補正或答復審查意見。

                Within two months following the publication of the application, any third party can file opposition. Unless opposition is filed, the French Office shall allow the registration of the trademark within 6 months following the application, publish the registration and issue the corresponding certificate of registration.

                申請公布後兩個月內,任何第三方均可提出異議。若無異議,商標局則應在申請後的6個月內予以商標註冊,公布註冊並頒發相應的註冊證書。

                 

                4. Can a trademark acquire distinctiveness through use?

                商標是否可以通過使用而獲得顯著性?

                Distinctiveness can be acquired before and/or after the trademark’s registration.

                商標可在註冊前/後通過使用來獲得顯著性。

                 

                5. How long on average does registration take?

                商標註冊平均時間?

                Provided that no official actions and no objections by third parties are raised, the registration of a trademark takes, on average, 6 months.

                如果沒有收到何官審查意見和第三方異議,商標註冊平均約6個月。

                 

                6. Is there more than one way to obtaining a registration in France?

                是否可以通過其他途徑註冊法國商標?

                A French trademark can either be registered before the French Office or via the Madrid system with the filing of an international trademark application designating France.

                除了向法國商標局直接提交申請外,申請人也可以通過馬德裏國際註冊指定法國來註冊法◣國商標。

                7. What are the relative grounds of for refusal of registration?

                 

                相對理由駁回有哪些?

                a. An earlier registered or well-known mark;

                在先近似或馳名商標;

                b. A company name, where there is a risk of confusion in the public mind;

                申請商標是公司名稱,可能會與他人的在先權╳利引起混淆;

                c. A protected appellation of origin;

                受保護的原產地名稱;

                d. Rights deriving from a model or a design; and

                源自模型或設計的權利;

                e. Personality rights of a legal person, particularly his surname, pseudonym or likeness.

                侵犯法人的人格權,尤其是其姓氏,化名或肖像;

                 

                8. Are there ways to overcome a relative grounds refusal?

                如何克服商標的相對理由駁回

                a. Argue that there is no risk of confusion between the trademark applied for and the earlier sign;

                答辯申請商標與在先商標之間不會產生混淆;

                b. Bring invalidity proceedings against the prior trademark;

                對在先商標提起無效訴訟;

                c. Limit the application to some goods and/or services;

                限制產品/服務;

                d. Negotiate a co-existence agreement with the owner of the prior right.

                與在先商標的權利人協商共存。

                 

                9. On what grounds can a trademark be opposed?

                什麽情況下會收到異議?

                a. The trademark is confusingly similar or identical to a previously registered trademark or a famous mark;

                商標與先前註冊的商標或馳名商標相同或相似;

                b. A right over the name, image or reputation of a prior appellation of origin or geographical appellation;

                商標侵犯了原產地名稱、地理名稱的名字、圖像或聲譽;

                c. A right over the name of a local territorial authority or a geographical indication.

                商標侵犯了地方領土名稱或地理標誌。

                 

                10. What is the procedure of opposition?

                 異議程序是怎樣的?

                Opposition can be filed before the French Office within 2 months from the publication of the trademark application.

                異議可以在商標申請發布後的兩個月內▂向商標局提出。

                The opposition shall notably specify the identity of the opponent; the nature, origin, and scope of the prior rights claimed; the references of the application against which the opposition is filed and the list of goods and services.

                異議方應表明身份、在先權利的性質,來源和範圍;提出異議的申請的參考文獻以∩及商品和服務清單。

                The statement of grounds of opposition, establishing notably the likelihood of confusion between the signs. In this respect, it can be underlined that the likelihood of confusion must be globally assessed taking into account all relevant factors, including the distinctiveness, the well-known character or the degree of recognition of the earlier trademark as repeatedly reinstated by the French Supreme Court.

                異議人應提交反對理由的陳述,特別是確定雙方商標混淆的可能性。必須綜合考慮所有相關因素,包括法國最高院反復重申的對在先商標的獨特性、眾所周知的特征或認可程度,對混淆的可能性進行全面評估。 。

                The opposition is notified to the applicant, who is granted a delay to submit counter-observations. Upon these counter-observations, a draft decision will be proposed by the French Office. Both the opponent and applicant will be able to file observations on the draft decision to request a pleading date. Absent any observations, the French Office’s draft decision will become final and such draft will constitute the decision.

                通知申請人該異議,申請人將有一段特定時間來提交反駁陳述。根據反駁陳述,商標局將作出裁定。異議人和申請人都能就該決定提出意見,進行上訴。如雙方未在規定時間內提出上訴,商標局的裁定將成為最終決定。

                Unless the proceedings are stayed, the French Office’s decision must be issued within 6 months from the expiry of the opposition deadline and can be appealed before the Competent Court of Appeal.

                除非中止訴訟程序,否則商標局的決定必須在異議截止日期屆滿後的6個月內發布,並可以向主管上訴法院ξ提出上訴。

                 

                11. What is the term of a trademark? How about Renewal?

                商標有效期多久?關於續展?

                The mark is valid for 10 years from the filing date of the application. An application of trademark renewal maybe filed not more than 6 months before the expiration of the registration and the grace period is 6 months.

                自商標申請日起算,商標有效期為10年。商標一般自有效期截止前6個月開始續展,寬展期為6個月。

                 

                WPIP will continuously make efforts to provide you with more IP news.

                五洲普華將持續致力於為您提供更多的知產新聞!

                 

                2020年1月8日 10:04
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